Born in the Spanish city of Bilbao in 1864.
Unamuno studied philosophy and letters at the University of Madrid. After graduation he worked as a private tutor until, in 1891, he assumed the Greek chair at the University of Salamanca, the city where he lived for the rest of his life.
Unamuno wrote in a variety of literary forms, including essays, poems, novels and plays.
Some of his most important works are the novels Niebla and Abel Sánchez; the brief novella San Manuel Bueno, Mártir; the work of poetry El Cristo de Velázquez and the travel book Andanzas y visiones españolas.
Unamuno died in 1936.