García Lorca was born in the southern Spanish town of Fuente Vaqueros on June 5, 1898.
A poet, musician, playwright, essayist and painter, García Lorca was an emblematic member of the Generation of ’27, a group that also included Rafael Alberti, Gerardo Diego, Luis Cernuda, Jorge Guillén, Dámaso Alonso, Pedro Salinas and Vicente Alexaindre, with whom he had close personal and artistic ties.
García Lorca’s work combines elements of popular folklore and sophisticated poetic techniques in a style in which the emphasis is on artistic expression.
Often dealing with the clash between individual wishes and society’s norms and codes of honor, his characters suffer from frustrated love and sexual repression and are led inexorably to a tragic end.
Firmly opposed to the idea of “art for art’s sake,” García Lorca believed “the artist must laugh and cry with his people.”
Although he wrote different types of plays, García Lorca is best remembered for his “rural trilogy” of tragic works: Bodas de Sangre, Yerma and La casa de Bernarda Alba. García Lorca, whose anti-fascist views and fame made him a target of Nationalist partisans, was shot and killed in Granada in August 1936 at the start of the Spanish Civil War.